12-gauge shotgun ammo is one of the most popular and versatile types of shotgun ammunition available. It is commonly used for various purposes, including hunting, sport shooting, and self-defense. The "12 gauge" refers to the diameter of the shotgun barrel, with a gauge of 12 being larger than smaller gauges like 20 or 28.
One key characteristic of 12-gauge shotgun ammo is its wide range of available loads and shot sizes. These loads can vary in terms of the amount and size of shot pellets they contain, as well as the type of projectile, such as birdshot, buckshot, or slugs. Birdshot loads typically contain a large number of small pellets and are often used for hunting birds or clay target shooting. Buckshot loads, on the other hand, have fewer but larger pellets, making them suitable for hunting larger game or home defense. Slugs, which are single solid projectiles, provide increased accuracy and are commonly used for hunting larger game at medium to long ranges.
Overall, the versatility, availability, and effectiveness of 12-gauge shotgun ammo make it a popular choice among shooters and hunters. Its wide range of loads and shot sizes allows users to tailor their ammunition selection to their specific needs, whether it's hunting small game, defending their home, or participating in various shooting sports.